THE INNER ASPECTS OF FIVE SHEATHS: THE KOSHAS IN HUMAN LIFE
Hridaya Ranjan Sharma, BHU, Banaras, India
Om Bhadram Karnebhih shrinuyama deva, Bhadram pashyemakshabhir yajatrah.
Shirair angais tustuvansas tantanubhir, vyashemahi devahitam yad ayuh. (Rigveda 1.89.8,vs 25.21)
O the Absolute one! may we have the strength to see and hear the right things, perform right duties and looking after the well being of others, not aspiring for the results of our good deeds, having to have the fitness and strength of bodies (Five-Koshas), attain a full span of life as a prosperous human being.
Abstract: Five sheaths (PANCHA KOSHA) are the names of those five bodies which human beings posses in their worldly existence. In the tradition of Vedantin School of Indian philosophy, the existence of five different bodies of a human being are defined and explained as "panch kosha" (five sheaths). However, in Vedic texts and other Unpanishads these five existences are addressed as pancha-Janah, pancha devah and pancha purusha etc. The implied meaning of the words janah, devah and purusha is denoted as "Koshair annamayadyaih panchabhiratma na samvrito bhati" (Viveka chudamani 151)
"With the manifested gross and subtle five existences of celestial and physical bodies of human beings, the “Absolute one” is veiled and is not fully expressed”